The July 1, 1991 resident population for the State of Hawai`i
was 1,134,800 persons. (Between the 1980 and 1990 Census
counts -- 964,691 and 1,108,229 persons -- Hawai`i's population
grew 14.9 percent).
The State Seal has a heraldic shield in the center and
a figure of King Kamehameha I on its right side and the
Goddess of Liberty holding the Hawaiian flag on its left.
Below the shield is the Phoenix surrounded by taro leaves,
banana foliage, and sprays of maidenhair fern. Statehood
was achieved in 1959. With color added, the seal becomes
the State Coat of Arms.
The State Flower is the yellow Hibiscus Brackenridgei. The
official flowers and colors for each island is as follows:
Hawai`i, Red Lehua (Ohia), color Red
Maui, Lokelani (Pink Cottage Rose), color Pink
Moloka`i, White Kukui Blossom, color Green
Kaho`olawe, Hinahina (Beach Heliotrope), color Gray
Lana`i, Kaunaoa (Yellow and Orange Air Plant), color Yellow
O`ahu, Ilima, color Yellow
Kaua`i, Mokihana (Green Berry), color Purple
Ni`ihau, White Pupu Shell, color White
Admission to Statehood: August 21, 1959
Area Code: 808
Economy: Agriculture: Sugarcane, pineapples, nursery
stock, livestock, macadamia nuts.
Industry: Tourism, food processing, apparel, fabricated
metal products, stone, clay, and glass products.
Flag: The State Flag has eight stripes (representing
the eight major islands), of white, red and blue; the field
closely resembles the Union Jack of Great Britain, from
which the original flag apparently was designed.
Anthem: Hawai`i Pono`i, written by King Kalakaua
and set to music by Henry Berger, the Royal Bandmaster.
It was also the anthem of the Kingdom and the Territory
The State Bird: The Nene (pronounced "nay-nay")
is a land bird and a variety of goose. It has adapted itself
to life in the harsh lava country by transforming its webbed
feet into a claw-like shape and modifying its wing structure
for shorter flights. Hunting and wild animals all but destroyed
the species until they were protected by law and a restoration
project established in 1949.
Marine Mammal: The Humpback Whale, an annual visitor
to Hawaiian waters and so designated in 1979.
State Fish: The Humuhumunukunukuapua`a (pronounced
Motto: The words Ua mau ke ea o ka aina i ka pono
which mean "The life of the land is perpetuated in
righteousness." The saying is attributed to King Kamehameha
III as of July 31, 1843, when the Hawaiian flag once more
was raised after a brief period of unauthorized ursurpation
of authority by a British admiral.
Big Island of Hawai'i
(Population 130,400, Area 4,028 sq. miles)
The "Big Island" has spectacular contrasts...the
mighty volcanoes Mauna Loa (13,679 feet) and Kilauea, lofty
snow clad Mauna Kea (13,796 feet), the Ka`u Desert, gorgeous
waterfalls, the Puna Fern Forest, the colorful orchids of
Hilo. The island grows sugar, coffee, cattle and macadamia
nuts. Landmarks: Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, Kealakekua
Bay, Kailua-Kona, Kawaihae, Parker Ranch, Waipio Valley.
(Population 108,000, Area 727 sq. miles)
The "Valley Isle" produces sugar, pineapple, cattle,
horses. The 10,023-foot Haleakala is the largest dormant
volcano crater in the world. Lahaina was Hawaii's capital
before 1845, and still has some of the atmosphere of an
old whaling town. Nearby are the Kaanapali and Wailea resort
areas and golf courses. Hana and Iao Valley draw many visitors.
(Population 863,100, Area 597 sq. miles)
The most populated island, where Honolulu is the Capital
City, the principal port, the major airport, and business
and financial center, and the educational heart of the State.
O`ahu is the military command center of the Pacific. Waikiki
is the visitor center. Landmarks: Nuuanu Pali, Diamond Head,
(Population 230, Area 69 sq. miles)
Privately owned island, with livestock raising as its principal
industry; highly limited access by general public through
helicopter landings at uninhabited sites. Legend says it
was the original home of the goddess Pele.
(Population 54,200, Area 552 sq. miles)
The "Garden Island" offers magnificent scenery
and lush vegetation, beautiful waterfalls, the spectacular
Waimea Canyon, the great "hidden" valley of Kalalau,
colorful tropical plants and flowers. Landmarks: Hanalei
Bay, Wailua River, Nawiliwili Bay, Poipu Beach.
(Population 6,717, Area 260 sq. miles)
The "Friendly Isle" has diversified agriculture,
ranching, tourism and the world's highest sea cliffs along
its northern coast. On a 13-square-mile peninsula below
high cliffs is Kalaupapa, the Hansen's Disease settlement,
officially called Kalawao County, a National Historical
(Population 2,426, Area 140 sq. miles)
Hawaii's "Secluded Island." Formerly known as
the "Pineapple Island," Almost the entire island
was until recently a Dole Company pineapple plantation but
is now phasing in tourism, and is home to two new world
(Uninhabited, Area 45 sq. miles)
Once used as a target by U.S. Navy and Air Force which are
cleaning up unexploded shells. No one is allowed to go ashore